In addition, the rice production falls in the s because of cyclone and independence from Pakistan. This upward trend of food production was before Green Revolution but at a slower rate. The In addition, this sector contributes The use of chemical fertilizers increased from 0 to kg 2. From the s to the food grains production reached from 8 million to 13 million tons.
About wheat, almost all the cultivated is under HYV and that is thousand acres in Here the data shows how the HYV are taking the place of indigenous verities of crops in Bangladesh. In addition, Bangladesh has million acres of land The World Bank, under cereal production and is still not sufficient for feeding the huge population. During the s, modern technology and fertilizers were not so popular.
With the help of different government institutions and NGOs, the GR in Bangladesh made a success story and it is approaching fast Naher, A contrasting view, which has only recently been appreciated, is that the new technology may benefit the poor in the long run by 1 reducing the cost of production and thereby lowering the prices of food, and 2 generating more employment in nonfarm sectors by keeping real wages low and stimulating demand for nonfarm goods and services Hossain M. There are different causes, which contributed to the population growth of Bangladesh. One of the causes is an increase in life expectancy .
The following table shows the life expectancy in Bangladesh.
The increase in the life expectancy rate is closely related to the higher agricultural yield induced improvement in income level and subsequent nutritional intake. In , there was the It happened only when we see the life expectancy increase from Green Revolution marginalized the small firms by turning them into smaller units. Over the generations due to the inheritance law firms in Bangladesh are getting more fragmented.
The following table shows the status of the firms in Bangladesh. Comparing the numbers it can be seen the large firms are relatively few compared to small and medium sized firms. In the following table, among the 15 million firms there are only 0. That ensures the labor intensive agriculture economy of Bangladesh. And that is making impossible for large-scale agricultural production.
As it has already been discussed that small firms are mostly labor dependent firms. And most of the cases they have substituted the technologies with the human labor. The total workforce in the agriculture is decreasing still it is the largest employer of the civilian workforce in Bangladesh.
However, wheat area, production and yield decreased slightly during the period Over the past three decades, increased agricultural productivity in Pakistan occurred largely due to the deployment of high-yielding cultivars, increased fertilizer use and greater availability of irrigation water. Among the larger land area producers, China's yield was 3. Area planted to wheat has varied as much as 25 percent from a high exceeding India is one of the biggest oilseed producing countries. Rather, it is to praise the monumental productivity growth in the industry, achieved almost entirely by the application of technology in the form of farm machinery, fertilisers and other agrochemicals, along with scientifically improved crops and livestock. But whereas making machinery, breeding new crops or manufacturing agrochemicals all have high barriers to entry, a data-based farm-management system can be put together by any businessman, even without a track record in agriculture.
From the following table, it can be seen that in there was In , this percentage became Alauddin and Tisdell, proved that the Green Revolution in Bangladesh leads to the increase of labor use in agriculture annually. During RABI  season of agriculture production labor demand increases significantly.
There are some examples of declining of labor demand in different seasons. And they have different consequences. There is a relation between labor force absorption and cropping pattern that includes agricultural technology, irrigation, HYV, etc. In addition, multiple cropping has also contributed to the labor demand too.
The tendency to HYV cultivation increased the possibility of decreasing the diversity of food crops production. A paper by Kurosaki, shows that the crop shift is important for improving aggregate land productivity. Here it also shows the increase in output during pre-Green Revolution period and post Green Revolution. During pre-Green Revolution, the change has bellowed the average but due to the shift in crops and introduction of agricultural technologies, there was the significant change in numbers of agricultural production.
The crop shifting is improving the aggregate land productivity. Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but —91 is common. He fell out with Truman, partly over foreign policy, and subsequently ran for the Presidency several times as leader of the Progressive Party. High-yielding varieties refers to yield potential, not necessarily to output but also the growth habit. Life expectancy varies by geographical area and by era. Krishna Kumar Saha Author. Private traders handle all exports. Pakistan's main competitors in rice trade are Thailand, Vietnam, and India. Tobacco is grown mainly in the North-West Frontier Province and Punjab and is an important cash crop.
Yields in Pakistan are about twice those for neighboring countries largely due to the extension services provided by the industry. Quality, however, is improving only slowly due to problems related to climate and soil. Farmers have started inter-cropping tobacco with vegetables and sugarcane to increase returns.
About half of the total production is used for cigarette manufacturing and the remainder used in traditional ways of smoking in hand-rolled cigarettes called birris, in water pipes, and as snuff. The share of imported tobacco is increasing gradually in response to an increased demand for high-quality cigarettes. Minor crops account for only 5 percent of total cultivated area; these include oilseeds sunflower, soybean , chilies, potatoes, and onions. Domestic oilseed production accounts only for about 25 percent of Pakistan total edible oil needs.
For total oilseed production was forecast to decrease 10 percent to 3. The government has highlighted development of the oilseed sector as a priority.
Pakistan's fishing industry is relatively modest, but has shown strong growth in recent years. The domestic market is quite small, with per capita annual consumption of approximately 2 kilograms. About 80 percent of production comes from marine fisheries from 2 main areas, the Sindh coast east from Karachi to the Indian border, and the Makran coast of Baluchistan. Ninety percent of the total marine catch is fish; the shrimp which constitute the remainder are prized because of their greater relative value and demand in foreign markets.
During , total fish production was , tons, of which , tons consisted of sea fish and the remainder were fresh-water species. About one-third of the catch is consumed fresh, 9 percent is frozen, 8 percent canned, and about 43 percent used as fish meal for animal food. Livestock accounts for 40 percent of the agricultural sector and 9 percent of the total GDP. Principal products are milk, beef, mutton, poultry, and wool.
During , the livestock population increased to million head. That same year Pakistan generated , tons of beef, , tons of mutton, and , tons of poultry. In an effort to enhance milk and meat production, the government recently launched a comprehensive livestock development project with Asian Development Bank assistance. Poultry production provides an increasingly popular low-cost source of protein.
Modern poultry production is constrained by high mortality, high incidence of disease, poor quality chicks, and poor quality feed, combined with an inadequate marketing system. Frozen poultry have only recently been introduced. Forests cover an area of 4. The principal forest products are timber, principally for house construction, furniture, and firewood. Many of the country's wooded areas are severely depleted as a result of over-exploitation.
The government has restricted cutting to protect remaining resources—though corruption often jeopardizes environmental efforts—and has lowered duties to encourage imports. Forestry production has since declined from 1. Toggle navigation. User Contributions: 1. Hi, I am a higher degree student in uk and working on pesticides in Pakistan. Regards, Novera.
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The main crops of Pakistan are classified into food crops and non-food crops. The food crops include wheat, rice, maize, coarse grains, grams and other pulses. The cash crops are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, mustard and sesame. Let's throw light on the significant cash crops of Pakistan. The major cash crops of Pakistan are cotton, rice, sugar cane, tobacco and oil seeds.
Mirza Abdul Qayyum. Agricultural scientists are trying well for the boost of this sector bur our illiterate policy makers and foolish leaders are a great hindrance.
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